Project Group A: Frontiers and Transitions, Project A5

Economical Symbiosis and Cultural Separation: Service Nomads in Rural and Urban Context

Case Studies on Istanbul and the Northern Black Sea Area


Both of these projects deal with the relationship between small nomadic families or bands and majority societies. The large range of possible relationships are only described on an economic level, when the term "service nomadism" is used. The common terms used for such nomads ("Zigeuner" in Germany, "Cingene" in Turkey, "Dom" or "Turkman" in Syria, etc.) implicate further stereotyping that is countered by self-stylising, as can been seen in the seldom-studied autonyms, for example.

The research find its impetus in the contradiction between economic complimentarity and cultural estrangement. This ranges from clothing to forms of travel/communication and the calendar of festivities. Degree and form of cultural dissidence are likely different in rural and urban areas. Based on this assumption, Udo Mischek will study these relationships in greater Istanbul while Elena Marushiakova takes on the more rural areas of the Dobrudscha, Bessarabia and the Crimean. Similar paths are taken in terms of methodology: participant observation, biography, network analysis and visual anthropology.


Prof. Dr. Bernhard Streck

with T. Maranhao: Translation and Ethnography. Arizona. in print.

ed.: Zigeuner des Schwarzmeerbebiets. Eine Bibliographie = Materialien des SFB "Differenz und Integration" 2 (2003). •  Systematisierungsansätze aus dem Bereich der ethnologischen Forschung. In: Mitteilungen des SFB "Differenz und Integration" 1 (2002), 1–9.

Wörterbuch der Ethnologie. Wuppertal 2000.

Ethnologie und Nationalsozialismus. Gehren 2000.

Fröhliche Wissenschaft Ethnologie. Wuppertal 1997.

Die Halab. Wuppertal 1996.

Dr. Elena Marushiakova

with V. Popov: Ethnic Identities and Economic Strategies of Gypsies in the Countries of the Former USSR. In: Mitteilungen des SFB "Differenz und Integration" 4/1 (2003), 289–310.

with V. Popov: Vom Nomadismus zur Seßhaftigkeit – wie die Zigeuner der südlichen Dobrudscha ihre Geschichte überliefern. In: Mitteilungen des SFB "Differenz und Integration" 2 (2002), 75–88.

with V. Popov: Zigeuner – Auf beiden Seiten der Grenze. In: Materialien des SFB "Differenz und Integration" 1 (2002), 33–44.

with V. Popov: Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire. Hatfield 2001.

et. al.: Identity Formation among Minorities in the Balkans: The Cases of Roms, Egyptians and Ashkali in Kosovo. Sofia 2001.

with V. Popov: Gypsies/Roma in Times Past and Present. Photo-Book. Sofia 2000.

with V. Popov (ed.): Studii Romani. Bde. I, II, III–IV, V–VI, Sofia 1994–98.

with V. Popov: Gypsies (Roma) in Bulgaria. Frankfurt am Main 1997.

Dr. Udo Mischek

Leben und Werk Günter Wagners (1908-1952). Gehren 2002.

Autorität außerhalb des Fachs: Diedrich Westermann und Eugen Fischer. In: B. Streck (ed.): Ethnologie und Nationalsozialismus. Gehren 2000.

Das Völkerkundliche Institut der Universität Tübingen 1940–1959. In: V. Schäfer (ed.): Bausteine zur Tübinger Universitätsgeschichte 7. Tübingen 1995.